B2. Modelling infectious disease transmission and control

Mathematical models and simulations are increasingly being used to study the spread of infectious diseases. These models are used to both understand disease transmission dynamics and also to inform intervention measures such as vaccination strategies, isolation, border control and school closures. The models and simulations vary from relatively simple deterministic models to highly structured and detailed agent based simulations. Each type of model has its uses and together they provide invaluable tools for the control of infectious diseases.