This session aims to highlight the use and adoption of science and other forms of knowledge in decision making and in practice. It seeks case studies and examples from all disciplines (e.g. health, defence, environment) that demonstrate and measure the incorporation of science and/or other forms of knowledge in decision making and in practice. Involving appropriate stakeholders who have relevant knowledge can be difficult and time-consuming. Scientists, planners, land managers, stakeholders, policy makers, funding bodies, local community and Traditional Owners may all need to participate. Therefore communicating, monitoring, measuring and tracking the influence and use of science and other forms of knowledge during inception, implementation and delivery of programs can be challenging. The session seeks papers that have tracked and evaluated the use of academic or applied science and/or other forms of knowledge in decision making, planning, policies and management. The session will include a discussion about challenges and seek to synthesise how best to overcome them.